The case of Papua is even more pressing as the conflict is very much ongoing. The special autonomy
law (OTSUS / Otonomi Khusus bagi Provinsi Papua) approved in 2001 was expected to reduce disparities
between Papua and the Indonesian Government (GoI). It was also expected to give people in Papua,
especially indigenous people, the chance to participate actively in development processes. However,
because the law has been poorly implemented, it as ultimately fuelled further separatist sentiment.



Papua also suffers from local conflicts among indigenous tribes, and more recently, tensions between
indigenous people (often Christians) and settlers (often Muslims). The Papua section is both retrospective
and forward looking, asking how the conflict can be de-escalated and who should be involved?
As well as what obstacles and opportunities there are for peacemaking?

The report click here